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Earth Facts for Kids

Earth Facts for Kids

Humans have lived on Earth for around 200,000 years, although the planet itself is much, much older than that. Although there’s still so much we don’t know about our planet, we now have a greater understanding of it than we’ve ever had.

With that in mind, we’ve gathered together 10 of the most interesting Earth facts for kids. We’ve also put together a free PDF poster of these 10 facts which you can print off and stick on the wall at home. If your kids are still eager to learn more about our amazing planet, at the bottom of the blog we’ve included links to some further reading.

10 Facts About the Earth for Kids

1. The Earth is spinning around at 1,000 mph

This is why we have daytime and nighttime. It means that one side of the planet is in light, and the other is in darkness.

2. Earth is thought to be 4.5 billion years old

And it has changed a lot over the years. Around 250 million years ago, Earth was home to one ‘supercontinent’ called Pangea. Since then, it slowly broke apart and formed the continents we know today.

3. It’s only the 5th biggest planet in our solar system

The Earth’s diametre – the distance from one side to the other – is around 12,800 km. But that’s nothing compared to Jupiter, the biggest planet in the solar system, which measures 143,000 km. Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are all also bigger than Earth.

4. The Earth takes 365.25 days to orbit the Sun

Because of the extra six hours that it takes to orbit the Sun, every four years we need to add a leap day to the calendar. This day falls on 29th February.

5. Earth has one moon and no rings

Jupiter has 79 moons, whilst Saturn has between 500 and 1,000 rings around it. Earth is the only known planet that has just one moon.

6. It’s the only ocean planet in our solar system (and possibly the universe)

Around 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. It’s a big reason why Earth can support life, as it provides 70% of the planet’s oxygen.

7. It’s the only known planet that supports life

The unique conditions on Earth – when compared with other planets – mean it is capable of supporting life in many forms.

8. The Sun is 1.3 million times bigger than Earth

That’s big!

9. The Earth’s atmosphere protects it from many things

It helps to warm the planet, in an effect known as ‘The Greenhouse Effect.’ Without this, the Earth’s oceans would freeze over (and so would we!). It also protects us against meteors, which break up in the atmosphere before they can reach the surface.

10. Earth is part of a group of planets called ‘The Milky Way’

The Milky Way is one of an estimated 2 TRILLION galaxies in our universe. And it’s possible that there is more than one universe out there. Mathematically-speaking, that means there is a good chance that life exists on other planets. We just have to find it!

Free PDF

We hope you’ve enjoyed reading these 10 Earth facts for kids. To download your free PDF poster of the 10 facts, simply click the image below.

Earth Facts for Kids

Further Reading

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Moon Facts for Kids

Moon Facts for Kids

Although a man hasn’t set foot on the Moon for almost 50 years now, it remains a source of fascination for humans. Countries including Russia, the United States, China and Japan have all sent spacecraft up there in the intervening years as we seek to learn more about it. And it’s not just adults and scientists who are interested in the moon – it’s a popular thing to learn about for kids.

The Moon can be a great way to introduce your kids to science and the solar system. In this blog we’ve researched 10 fascinating facts about the moon which we think your kids will find particularly interesting. We’ve also designed a PDF poster that you can print off for free and stick it on your wall at home. If you find that these facts caught your kids’ attention, we’ve even listed some further reading resources at the bottom of the blog.

10 Facts About the Moon for Kids

1. It takes 27.3 days for the Moon to travel around Earth

This explains why the Moon always seems to appear in different places in the night sky.

2. The only reason we can see the Moon is because it reflects light from the sun

That’s what gives the Moon it’s bright white appearance. It’s also why the shape of the Moon seems to change a lot.

3. The Earth is about 4 times bigger than the Moon

The Moon measures 3,476km in diameter, while the Earth measures 12,756km.

4. A total of 12 people have been on the Moon

The first was Neil Armstrong in 1969, and the last was Gene Cernan in 1972.

5. …and their footprints will still be visible in 10 million years

That’s because the Moon has no weather and no erosion.

6. There are more than 200 moons in our solar system

While Earth only has one moon, Jupiter – the biggest planet in the solar system – has 79 moons!

7. There are huge craters and massive mountains on the Moon

The biggest crater is 8.2 kilometres deep, whilst the biggest mountain is 5,500m tall! That’s around half the size of Earth’s biggest mountain: Mount Everest.

8. The Moon is 4.6 billion years old

It is thought that the Moon was formed after Earth collided with a huge object.

9. It would take around 2 days to travel to the Moon

Are we there yet?

10. Ocean tides are caused by the Moon

It is the Moon’s gravitational pull that makes the Earth’s oceans move closer to and further away from the coast.

Free Printable PDF

We’ve gathered all of these interesting facts and put them on a poster for you to print off and stick on the wall at home. Click the image below to download your copy.

Moon Facts for Kids

Further Reading

If these moon facts for kids have piqued your child’s interest in the moon, you might like to try this children’s book about the Moon. It is part of the My First Discoveries series of non-fiction books for children, which bring learning to life with beautiful illustrations and interactive features.

Children's Book About the Moon

If that’s still not enough for you, here are some useful learning resources which you can use to teach your kids more about the Moon:


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World Book Day 2021 | Date, Info and Book Ideas

World Book Day 2021

World Book Day 2021

It’s that time of year again! World Book Day 2021 is just around the corner, and in this article we’re going to gather together everything you need to know about the big day.

Since the first World Book Day took place in the UK and Ireland more than 20 years ago it has spread to over 100 countries around the globe. This year, an estimated 15 million £1/€1.50 World Book Day book tokens will be distributed to kids in the UK & Ireland alone. Spending just 10 minutes a day reading with a child makes a big difference to their future success and improves the life opportunities of children all over the world. World Book Day is a key way of breaking down the barriers to reading.

World Book Day 2021 will certainly be different to previous years. It will be the first time the event has taken place during global national lockdowns, so the traditional events associated with the day will have to go digital. Here’s what’s changing and what’s staying the same.

When is World Book Day 2021?

In the UK & Ireland, World Book Day 2021 will be taking place on Thursday 4th March. It always takes place on the first Thursday of March. This year the date is notable because schools in the region are still closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, forcing many of the festivities to take place online instead. High-street retailers are also closed, making it more difficult to children to exchange their tokens for a new book.

How Will It Be Different This Year?

On a typical year children are encouraged to come to school in fancy dress centred around certain books. The free £1/€1.50 book vouchers are also distributed to pupils on the day. However, things are obviously going to look a little different in 2021 given the circumstances.

This year schools and nurseries can instead register to receive digital book tokens which can then be redeemed online at participating retailers. World Book Day are also working with retailers and publishers to extend the expiry date of tokens in case the UK & Ireland continues to be in lockdown after the day has passed. This year the £1/€1.50 book tokens
can currently be redeemed from Thursday 18 February to Sunday 28 March 2021.

Fancy dress is still very much encouraged whilst there will also be a number of online events that schools and nurseries can participate in. In addition a number of totally free audiobooks are being made available in the run-up to the event, meaning parents and children can still enjoy a book together from the safety of their own home.

If you’re a teacher or parent hoping to get into the spirit of things at home then don’t worry – World Book Day have made available a number of free resources for you including lesson plans, activity sheets and discussion guides.

What Will Remain the Same?

As ever, there are a number of £1/€1.50 books available this year. That means you can use your book token to get one of these books absolutely free. Alternatively you’re entitled to use your voucher to get a discount on books priced at least £2.99/€3.99.

World Book Day is a registered charity and relies heavily on donations. Therefore schools, nurseries and families across the UK & Ireland are encouraged to host fundraising events to give the gift of reading to all children. You can get some ideas for fundraising events right here.

You’re also encouraged to share your World Book Day on social media using the hashtag #worldbookday.

World Book Day 2021 Suggestions

If you’re helping children to read then World Book Day is a fantastic opportunity to get your kids interested in the activity. But with so many books out there, how do you know where to start? Well, we’ve already mentioned the selection of £1/€1.50 books available this year, which can be a good entry point into the world of reading.

My First Discoveries series

With schools closed and home education growing in popularity, you may decide to use this opportunity to introduce non fiction books into your children’s learning. They are a great way to supplement the education that your child is already receiving and also to get them interested in a wider range of topics than the school curriculum. We recommend the My First Discoveries range of books, which awaken children’s interest in the wonders of the physical, natural and human world around them.

Despite the unusual circumstances we find ourselves in, World Book Day is still capable of having a transformative effect on children all around the world. We hope that you’re still able to enjoy the day and can use it to ignite your children’s interest in books. Happy reading!

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Butterfly Facts for Kids

Butterfly Facts for Kids

Learn more about the amazing animal that is the butterfly with this list of butterfly facts for kids, including a free PDF that you can print out and put on your wall.

With their distinctive colours and huge wings, butterflies are often a source of fascination for children. They tend to be depicted as symbols of freedom in fantasy stories, and their transformation from egg to caterpillar to butterfly is a story in itself.

There are some amazing facts that your children can learn about butterflies. We have gathered together 10 of the best and put them into a list. What’s more, you can download the list as a printable PDF by scrolling down to the bottom of the page. So, without further ado, here are our top 10 butterfly facts for kids!

10 Facts About Butterflies

1. Butterflies flap their wings about five times every second

That’s right. It sounds fast – and it is – but it’s nothing compared to the Hummingbird, which flaps its wings around 100 times per second.

2. There are around 28,000 species of butterflies in the world

If you wanted to see all of them, you would have to discover 10 per day for 7 1/2 years – without missing a day!

3. They are found on all continents apart from Antarctica

Butterflies prefer warmer weather, and so are not suited to the cold climate of Antarctica.

4. Butterflies use the antennae on their head to feel, hear & smell

They are also used to tell butterflies what time of day it is.

5. They start life as an egg before changing into a caterpillar, then butterfly

A butterfly’s life cycle has 4 stages: egg, larva, pupa and butterfly. The process from egg to butterfly takes around a month, depending on the species.

6. The average lifespan of a butterfly is between 3 days & 11 months

It’s something which is also dependent on the species of the butterfly. Being at the bottom of the food chain means that  the butterfly has a lot of predators, unfortunately.

7. Female butterflies are bigger and live longer than males

Whilst male butterflies spend most of their time searching for a female mate, females spend their time finding a place to lay their eggs.

8. Butterflies actually have four wings

Although butterflies look like they have two wings, they actually have four wings in two pairs.

9. Butterflies see colours that humans can’t see

They see colours very differently to us, and unlike humans can make out UV rays from the sun amongst other colours.

10. Some butterflies can fly as fast as 37 miles per hour

The Skipper butterfly can go as fast as a horse, with reaction speeds that are twice as fast as those of a human.

Free Printable PDF

You can download this list of facts as a printable PDF by clicking the image below. Printing it out and sticking it on your wall is a way to continue the learning process for kids outside of the classroom.

Butterfly Facts for Kids

Further Reading

If these butterfly facts for kids have grabbed you or your kids’ interest, why not learn more about them with the My First Discoveries Butterfly book? Suitable for children aged between 4 and 6, it is packed full of beautiful drawings that really bring the story of the butterfly to life.

My First Discoveries Butterfly

Reading non fiction books with your children can get them interested in learning from a young age. The My First Discoveries children’s books cover a wide range of topics, making learning fun through vivid illustrations and interactive elements. You can view the full series by visiting the Moonlight Publishing website.


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The Best History Books for Kids

History Books for Kids

We see learning about history as akin to reading a story, making it a naturally engaging subject for kids to learn about. With a chronological order of events, exotic locations and even heroes & villains, you might find that your children initially respond better to history than other subjects. However, that will only happen by bringing the topic to life with engaging history books for kids.

In this blog we’re going to outline the importance of learning history, the best way to learn it with your children and then recommend some books to help you do it.

The Importance of Learning History

Children can identify with characters in works of fiction, and historical characters in much the same way. History is littered with colourful characters that your child can relate to, helping them to build a greater understanding of the story and its historical context.  By creating connections with the characters at hand, they  start to relate to the historical context. The characters serve as a bridge for understanding  historical events.

History also introduces children to other countries and cultures in a way that other subjects cannot.  From ancient Greeks to Romans, history opens children’s eyes to the various civilizations and cultures that have existed all over the world. And that is doubly important for children whose worlds may still be quite small.

Additionally, reading about history at home with your kids can complement and support what they’re studying at pre-school or school. It could be that the topics taught at school do not resonate with your children and they’re more interested in the history books at home. You might even want to teach them about their local, cultural or national history that they are not being taught otherwise. Every child is different after all, and sometimes it’s just a case of zeroing in on what interests them the most.

How to Bring History to Life

As we’ve already touched upon, reading about history is similar to reading a story, complete with characters, plot lines and story arcs. In that sense, when you read history books with children they can get the benefits of storytelling whilst learning about real-life events. History has the added advantage of providing a natural learning path for your kids as you move through historical events.

Another way of bringing history to life is through interactive books. They are great for keeping your child engaged with the book through pop-outs, sliders and talking features. History is packed full of names and dates, and for kids it can be particularly difficult to remember that information. By reading an interactive history book they can become more engaged in their learning and making it more meaningful and memorable.

Helping children to read illustrated books allows them to draw a visual link with the topic being studied. When we think of Ancient Egyptians for instance, images of Pharaohs and pyramids probably spring to mind before names and dates. By bringing the topic to life with illustrations and vivid artwork, your child is learning whilst having fun.

Our Top History Books for Kids

The My First Discoveries range of books contain some excellent history books for kids. Each book tackles a specific historical topic, whether that be Egyptian Tombs, Prehistoric People or Pirates.  They are immersive books that take your child on a journey through history with colourful illustrations, interactive features and handy explanatory text.

History Books for Kids

The My First Discoveries Torchlight range provides an even more interactive experience for kids. In this series, children use a magic torch included with the book to uncover hidden sections on each page.  It is a great way for your child to really become immersed in the reading experience whilst learning about different periods of history.

However you choose to approach learning history with your kids, one of the most important things to bear in mind is to keep it fun. They could easily lose interest unless you make efforts to keep them engaged in their reading. If reading time is a fun activity for parent and child then the learning will follow naturally.

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Whale Facts for Kids | Free Printable PDF

Whale Facts for Kids

Whales are some of the most fascinating animals in the world, though sadly their numbers are in decline in many parts of the world. Now more than ever, it’s important for children to learn about creatures like these so that they can understand what makes them so amazing – and also learn more about their current predicament. This collection of whale facts for kids will help do just that.

We’ve also put all of the facts into a printable PDF. You can stick it  up on the wall to add a colourful bit of artwork to your house, and it doubles up as an educational tool for your kids. You will find the link to download the PDF at the bottom of this page.

1. The blue whale is the biggest animal that has ever lived.

It is a whopping 98ft long and weighs 190 tonnes. That’s roughly the size of three buses!

2. Whales breathe air, just like humans.

To do this they use blowholes on their heads to breathe in air when they reach the surface.

3. A group of whales is called a pod.

These pods can range in size from 2 – 200 whales.

4. Certain species of whales are known to sing to each other.

They do this to communicate, attract new mates and to simply have fun!

5. The bowhead whale can live for up to 200 years.

It is one of the longest-living animals in the world.

6. Fishing for whales is now banned in most countries.

That’s because there are so few of them left, unfortunately.

7. Humpback whales don’t eat for 5-7 months of the year.

Do you think you could go that long without eating!? They do it whilst they are migrating to the Antarctic every year.

8. There are less than 3,000 blue whales on the planet.

Sadly, there used to be around 225,000.

9. Whales can teach, learn, work together and plan things!

They’re one of the most intelligent animals on Earth.

Free PDF

We hope you enjoyed learning some new facts about the incredible animal that is the whale. You can click the image below to download and print your free PDF.

Whale Facts for Kids

Want to learn even more about whales? Then we recommend the My First Discoveries children’s book about whales. It is packed with beautiful illustrations of whales, as well as containing many more interesting facts about them.